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Ragamala Album: Bhasha Ragini, c. 1625

Nepal: Bhaktapur (?), 1600-1675
Opaque watercolor and gold on paper
7 x 5-1/2 in. (17.8 x 14.0 cm)
Norton Simon Art Foundation, Gift of Mr. Norton Simon
M.1979.92.04.P
© 2012 Norton Simon Art Foundation

Not on view

This painting is a page from a Ragamala album. The Sanskrit word "ragamala" literally means a garland of musical modes. Each mode or raga expresses an emotional situation or mood and is personified either as a male (raga) or a female (ragini). Bhasa is described in the poem at the top of the page as a beautiful woman of golden complexion who has just awakened. She is sitting affectionately with her husband on a bed.


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