Head of Buddha Shakyamuni

Head of Buddha Shakyamuni
Place Made:
Thailand: Mon-Dvaravati period
8th century
13 in. (33.2 cm) 
Credit Line:
The Norton Simon Foundation 
Accession Number:
© The Norton Simon Foundation 
Not on View

The earliest extant images of the Buddha in Southeast Asia date to the 5th century; they were greatly influenced by Indian examples but maintained a regional aesthetic. This Buddha sculpture reflects the common style associated with the Mon-Dvaravati period (6th–11th century), which is characterized by the Buddha’s exaggerated physical features, articulated monobrow, tufted hair and meditative, downcast eyes. By this time, images of the Buddha had evolved from the Yaksha (guardian) prototype into the contemplative Tathagata (Perfect One). Moreover, the yogi-style topknots seen in earlier Buddha images from Mathura were replaced with more stylized hairstyles, such as the snail curl or tufted mound seen in later examples.

Image reproduction permission may be granted for scholarly or arts related commercial use. All image requests, regardless of their intended purpose, should be submitted via email. Requests can also be made by fax or mail.

Images may be protected by copyright and other intellectual property rights. Additional permission may be required.

Approved requests for the reproduction of an image will receive a contract detailing all fees and conditions of use of the image. Upon receipt of both the signed contract and full payment, the Office of Rights and Reproductions will provide the image. A complimentary copy of the published material must be provided to the Norton Simon Museum.

Please fill our our Online Reproduction Request Form or download the Application for Reproduction Permission PDF Form and submit it to the Office of Rights and Reproductions.

E-mail: [email protected]
Telephone: (626) 449-6840 x 3300
Fax: (626) 796-4978