Mercury and Argus
c. early 1640s
Jacob Jordaens (Flemish, 1593-1678)
On View

Mercury and Argus, a story of love and deceit, derives from Ovid’s Metamorphoses. Jupiter transforms his paramour, Io, into a white heifer to protect her from his jealous wife, Juno. Upon realizing this, Juno places the heifer under the watch of the giant Argus. Jordaens depicts the tense moment when Mercury, sent by Jupiter to kill Argus, slyly approaches the watchman after lulling him to sleep with his pipe; Io stands placidly by at the right.

Two artists collaborated to paint this composition. Jordaens painted the figures, with Jan Wildens painting the landscape. Such collaborations were common in workshops that created paintings for a thriving art market. Indeed, both artists had worked in Peter Paul Rubens’ studio, one of the most productive of the seventeenth century.


  • Artist Name: Jacob Jordaens (Flemish, 1593-1678)
  • Title: Mercury and Argus
  • Date: c. early 1640s
  • Medium: Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions: 47-3/4 x 72-3/4 in. (121.3 x 184.8 cm)
  • Credit Line: The Norton Simon Foundation
  • Accession Number: F.1976.01.P
  • Copyright: © The Norton Simon Foundation

Object Information

Possibly Jaques de Roore (sale, The Hague, 4 September 1747, no. 79).
Brought to Ireland from Antwerp by Major Whitlock.
(Alexander Mangin (1732-1802) or William Ashford (1746-1824) et al sale, James Vallance, Dublin, 9 May 1803, lot 116);
Mrs. Talbot, Dublin by 1815, by inheritance to;
The Hon. Rose Talbot, Malahide Castle, outside Dublin, (sale, Christie's, London, 2 April 1976, lot 62 to;
The Norton Simon Foundation.

Second Exhibition. Pictures by the Old Masters.

  • Royal Irish Institution, 1815-06-24 to

[on loan]

  • Phoenix, Phoenix Art Museum, 1976-08-10 to

Tulips are in Bloom

  • Norton Simon Museum, 1993-04-29 to 1993-08
  • Hussey, Christopher, Country Life, fig. 5 p. 762
  • Royal Irish Institution, Catalogue of Pictures, by the Old Masters with which the Proprietors Have Favored the Royal Irish Institution, 1815, no. 32 p. 4
  • Millar, Oliver, Catalogue of the Works at Malahide Castle, 1953,
  • Alder, Wolfgang, Jan Wildens, der Landschaftsmitarbeiter des Rubens, 1980, no. G119, fig. 154 p. 116
  • Norton Simon Museum, Selected Paintings at the Norton Simon Museum, 1980, p. 48
  • Albuquerque, L., ABHASA: Image-Bearing Light, 1983, p. 19
  • Masterpieces from the Norton Simon Museum, 1989, p. 60
  • Campbell, Sara, Collector Without Walls: Norton Simon and His Hunt for the Best, 2010, cat. 1316 p. 393

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