Masquerades of Holy Week in the year [illeg.] (Mascaras de semana santa del año [illeg.]) (verso)

Masquerades of Holy Week in the year [illeg.] (Mascaras de semana santa del año [illeg.]) (verso)
Artist:
Francisco de Goya y Lucientes (Spanish, 1746-1828)
Date:
1796-1797
Medium:
Brushed India ink on paper 
Dimensions:
image: 7-1/8 x 4 1/4 in. (18.1 x 10.8 cm); sheet: 9-1/8 x 5-5/8 in. (23.2 x 14.2 cm) 
Credit Line:
Norton Simon Art Foundation 
Accession Number:
M.1974.04.2b.D 
Copyright:
© Norton Simon Art Foundation 
Not on View
Description

The lighthearted, mildly erotic drawing on the recto of this page does not prepare one for the solemn, menacing image that awaits on its verso. Here, penitents walk in a Holy Week procession, each wearing a coroza, the tall, conical hats that distinguish them as victims of the Inquisition. The chilling scene is heightened by the eerie gaze of the figure who stops and turns toward the flagellant behind, who holds his own instrument of torture by his side. The blood, torment, and suffering memorialize the events of Good Friday and the Crucifixion of Christ, but also serve as Goya’s commentary on the church’s fanaticism and repression. The Spanish Inquisition was largely deflated when the French invaded Spain in 1808, and it was finally abolished in 1834.

Provenance:

William Bowers Bourne II, purchased c. 1915 for his home Filoli, San Mateo County, Calif., entire estate and contents sold 1937 to;
Mr. and Mrs. William P. Roth, by descent to their son;
William Matson Roth, San Francisco, sold 1974, through;
[R.E. Lewis, Larkspur, Calif., to];
Norton Simon Art Foundation.

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