Denial of Peter

Denial of Peter
Artist:
Karel Dujardin (Dutch, 1622-1678)
Date:
c. 1663
Medium:
Oil on canvas 
Dimensions:
47 x 41 in. (119.4 x 104.1 cm) 
Credit Line:
Norton Simon Art Foundation 
Accession Number:
M.1975.16.P 
Copyright:
© Norton Simon Art Foundation 
On View
Description

In the early morning hours following Christ’s arrest, Peter waited outside the house of the high priest Caiaphas, where Jesus stood trial. Three times Peter was identified as Jesus’ companion, and three times the apostle denied it. Here Dujardin focuses sharply on Peter and the maid who recognizes him, suggesting that this is the second denial, as described in Matthew 26:71–72: “and again [Peter] denied it with an oath.” The apostle’s testimony is emphasized by the placement of his hand over his heart. The moment’s high tension is conveyed by the maid’s accusatory look and gesture, Peter’s defensive response and the off-center placement of both figures. Dujardin’s use of strong chiaroscuro and a close-up presentation of unidealized figures suggests his familiarity with the Caravaggesque tendencies in Dutch Baroque art. Finely painted details, such as the maid’s white sleeve, and the smooth facture throughout, however, demonstrate Dujardin’s affiliation with Dutch classicism. Though he was primarily known as an accomplished landscape painter, the artist also painted a range of subjects drawn from history and the Bible, as well as portraits of Amsterdam’s elites. He enjoyed considerable success during his career.

Provenance:

Perhaps the work mentioned in the inventory of the inheritance of Dujardin: "Groot schilderij zijnde Petrus met en meit en een soldaat."
Jacob Cromhout or Jasper Loskart (sale, Zomer, Amsterdam, 7-8 May 1709, lot 4).
Nicolaas Nieuhoff (sale, Amsterdam, April 14, 1777).
François Tronchin des Délices, Geneva, by 1781 (sale, Paris, 23 March, 1801, no. 44 to); Guillaume-Jean Constantin, who was C.P. at sale and therefore possibly bought-in);
John Walter, Bear Wood, Berkshire, by 1868, by inheritance to;
John Walter (sale, London, Sotheby’s, 10 June 1942, no. 45, to);
Welker [or Walter, i.e. bought-in?];
Henri Bredius, London (d. 1972), by inheritance to;
Bredius heirs, Haarlem, consigned to;
[Hans Cramer Oude Kunst, The Hague, by 1973-sold 1975 to];
Norton Simon Art Foundation.

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