The costumed young man here was intended not as a portrait but as a tronie, the term given to bust studies of an expression or an historical type, removed from their narrative context. Such face paintings illustrate an integral part of the training for young artists as they honed their skills in rendering expression, design and costume. By the 17th century, however, paintings of tronies became popular as autonomous work of art. There was a lively market for them and they featured prominently in the inventories of the period. The imagination and visual interest of this youth underscores the popularity of such figures. With his brocaded, garnet-colored cloak, velvet beret and gold-threaded scarf he cuts quite the exotic figure.
- Artist Name: Jan Lievens (Dutch, 1607-1674)
- Title: Young Man with Red Beret
- Date: c. 1629-1630
- Medium: Oil on panel
- Dimensions: 27-1/2 x 21 in. (69.9 x 53.3 cm)
- Credit Line: Norton Simon Art Foundation, Gift of Jennifer Jones Simon
- Accession Number: M.1997.1.1.P
- Copyright: © Norton Simon Art Foundation
[Charles Sedelmeyer, Paris (sale, Paris, Ch. Sedelmeyer, 25 May 1907, lot 158, sold for 126,000 frs to)];
Henri Georges Heugel (1844–1918), Paris, by inheritance to;
Mme. Heugel (née Gordon-Creed) and their son Jacques Heugel (1890–1979), Paris, sold ca. 1955/56 to;
[Heim Gallery, Paris].
Collection Sikorsky, Hamburg.
[Acquavella Galleries, New York, sold in the 1960s to];
Mrs. Stuart H. Ingersoll (née Elinor Dorrance), New York and Newport, R.I. (estate sale, Christie’s, New York, 12 January 1978, lot 79, as Lievens, sold to); Norton Simon, bequest 1993 to;
Jennifer Jones Simon Art Trust, gift 1997 to;
Norton Simon Art Foundation.
Rembrandt and his Pupils: A Loan Exhibition of Paintings Commemorating the 300th Anniversary of Rembrandt
- Montreal, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, 1969-01-09 to 1969-02-23
- Ontario, Art Gallery of Ontario, 1969-03-14 to 1969-04-27
- Dutuit, E., Tableaux et dessins de Rembrandt Catalogue historique et descriptif,no. 261 pp. 62, 66
- Sedelmeyer sale catalogue,no. 158
- Brejon de Lavergnée, A., Bulletin de la Societé de l'Histoire de l'Art Français, 215-229
- Kaufmann, H., Oud Holland, pp. 235-248
- Valentiner, W., Rembrandt, des Meisters Gemälde, p. 145
- Sheets, Hilarie M., ARTnews,2005, p. 101
- Begemann, E. Haverkamp, Kunstchronik, Monatsschrift für Kunstwissenschaft Museumswesen und Denkmalpflege,cat. 91 p. 288
- Valentiner, W., The Work of Rembrandt, p. 145
- Campbell, Sara, Collector Without Walls: Norton Simon and His Hunt for the Best,2010, cat. 1501 p. 414
- The Rembrandt Research Project, A Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings,fig. 28 pp. 49-50
- Hofstede de Groot, C., A catalogue raisonné of the most eminent Dutch painters of the 17th century,1916, no. 431 p. 227
- Smith, John A., A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch, Flemish, and French Painters,nos. 292, 473 p. 154
- Hollenstein, F. W. H., Dutch and Flemish Etchings, Engravings and Woodcuts ca. 1450-1700,no. 14 p. 46
- Hofstede de Groot, C., Die Urkunden über Rembrandt (1575-1721),no. 28a p. 27
- Von Bode, Wilhelm, The Complete Works of Rembrandt, 1897-1905,no. 567
- Sumowski, Werner, Gemälde der Rembrandt-Schüler,no. 42 pp. 198, 245
- Bauch, K., Jakob Adriaensz. Backer: ein Rembrandtschüler aus Friesland,no. 90, pl. 20 pp. 30, 85
- Illustrated Catalogue of the Tenth Series of 100 Paintings by Old Masters,no. 30 p. 38
- Gerson, Horst, Neue Beiträge zur Rembrandt-Forschung,pl. 42, with fig. 175 pp. 208, 218
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