Otto Dix (German, 1891-1969)
Watercolor and gouache on Japanese wove paper 
20-5/8 x 14-1/4 in. (52.4 x 36.2 cm) 
Credit Line:
Norton Simon Museum, The Blue Four Galka Scheyer Collection 
Accession Number:
© 2017 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn Reproduction, including downloading of ARS works is prohibited by copyright laws and international conventions without the express written permission of Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York 
Not on View

In the early 1920s, Dix used the recurrent theme of prostitutes to represent society's callousness and moral decadence. Here his aggressive colors, bold brushstrokes, and use of a bawdy pose emphasize his unyielding subject matter. After 1925, he became an exponent of the socially and politically committed New Objectivity (Neue Sachlichkeit) Movement, a group condemned by the National Socialists. Dix was forbidden to exhibit his work, which the Nazis included in their exhibition of degenerate art in 1937; during World War II, he was a prisoner of war. Dix received more positive recognition after the war, but worked in seclusion at his home near Lake Constance until his death.


The artist, sold 30 November 1922 to;
Karl Nierendorf, Cologne, probably sold by 1935 to;
Galka Scheyer;
Pasadena Art Institute, Pasadena, 1953-1954;
Pasadena Art Museum, Pasadena,1954-1975;
Norton Simon Museum, 1975.

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