144 Aluminum Square

Carl Andre (American, 1935-)
Aluminum, 144 units 
overall: 3/8 x 144 x 144 in. (1 x 365.8 x 365.8 cm); each: 3/8 x 12 x 12 in. (1 x 30.5 x 30.5 cm) 
Credit Line:
Norton Simon Museum, Anonymous Gift 
Accession Number:
Art © Carl Andre/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY Reproduction of this image, including downloading, is prohibited without written authorization from VAGA www.vagarights.com 
Not on View

Like his Minimalist cohorts Donald Judd and Robert Morris, Carl Andre challenged the convention of thinking of sculpture as a distinct, precious object. And, like Judd and Morris, Andre attempted to redefine sculpture, in his case, affirming that “FORM = STRUCTURE = PLACE.” Andre’s work not only engages and interacts with space but also is made viable by it. His metal squares, for example—laid directly on the floor and intended to be walked upon—provide what he feels is the ultimate engagement with space. “All I am doing is putting Brancusi’s Endless Column on the ground instead of in the air,” the artist once stated, referring to the father of modern sculpture as his “master.” 144 Aluminum Square is the ne plus ultra in structural self-definition. The piece’s own composition is determined by the logic of the individual element—the square—which then comprises a larger square of its own. Walking upon the work, viewers experience the material difference between the floor and the sculpture and become fully aware of their own sense of place.


Dwan Gallery, New York, sold 1969 to;
Anonymous, 1969 to;
Pasadena Art Museum, Pasadena, 1969-1975;
Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena.

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