Modernism in Miniature

On View: August 12, 2022 - January 9, 2023
Release Date: July 20, 2022

Pasadena, CA—The Norton Simon Museum presents Modernism in Miniature, an exhibition featuring 25 small-scale artworks by some of the most recognized artists of the early to mid-20th century, including Marcel Duchamp, Lyonel Feininger, Vassily Kandinsky, Claes Oldenburg and Pablo Picasso. While revolutionary manifestoes, huge canvases and heroic proclamations have set a standard for monumental works of modern art, this exhibition spotlights artists who have employed the miniature—with its reduction of scale and emphasis on detail—as a witting challenge to the equivalence between ambition and immensity.

Marcel Duchamp (French, 1887–1968) once remarked, “Everything important that I have done can be put into a little suitcase.” The artist brought this notion to life in his Boîte-en-valise (Box in a Suitcase), a small “portable museum” comprised of 68 small-scale reproductions of his early paintings and readymades, which he obsessively crafted by hand between 1935 and 1941 (a later edition of this iconic work, created in 1961, is featured in the exhibition). Miniaturizing the museum retrospective to the size of a suitcase, this little survey of the artist’s oeuvre bears resemblance to a salesman’s sample case in a playful gesture that narrows the gap between a work of fine art and a commercial product.

Modernism in Miniature takes Duchamp’s compact exhibition as a model and presents a collection of small objects, all drawn from the Norton Simon collections, to explore the role of dimension in 20th-century art. Spanning German Expressionism to American Pop, the exhibition reveals the aesthetic and emotional potential of miniature works of art.

Made toward the beginning of the century is a series of toy sculptures by Lyonel Feininger (American, 1871–1956) and his son T. Lux Feininger (American, 1910–2011) that draw viewers in with their dramatized expressions. These tender works, born of Feininger’s relationships with his children, set a playful tone that is carried throughout the exhibition. Flanking Duchamp’s “Boîte” at the gallery’s center is Hôtel du Nord (Little Dürer) by Joseph Cornell (American, 1903–1972). This small assemblage features reproductions of works by the German Renaissance artist Albrecht Dürer, most prominently his Self-Portrait at Age Thirteen, transforming this intellectual heavyweight into a kind of collectible foible. The exhibition concludes with a comparatively small-scale assemblage by John Chamberlain (American, 1927–2011) that compresses the gestural vigor of his gargantuan scrap-metal sculptures to reveal a subtlety and quietness that is less obvious in his massive, industrial works.

Together, this little collection—presented in the Museum’s most intimate gallery—reveals a counter-history of 20th-century art. Against the demands imposed by increasing monumentality, this is a tradition of whimsy, humor and intimacy at the heart of modernism.

Modernism in Miniature is organized by Frances Lazare, who served as the Museum’s Graduate Intern during the 2021–22 academic year. It is on view in the Museum’s focus gallery on the main level from August 12, 2022 through January 9, 2023. A video tour of the exhibition will be available on the Museum’s website.

Press Contacts

Leslie Denk
(626) 844-6900
[email protected]

Emma Jacobson-Sive
(323) 842-2064
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Images for the Press

John Chamberlain 1962 untitled work

John Chamberlain (American, 1927–2011)
Untitled, 1962
Metal, paper and cloth on pressed board
11-7/8 x 11-7/8 x 4-3/8 in. (30.2 x 30.7 x 11.1 cm)
Norton Simon Museum, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Michael
© 2022 Fairweather & Fairweather LTD / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

Joseph Cornell's c. 1950 assemblage titled Hôtel du Nord (Little Dürer)

Joseph Cornell (American, 1903–1972)
Hôtel du Nord (Little Dürer), c. 1950
Painted box, metal ring and chain, wood blocks, printed paper, reproductions of Durer’s Self-Portrait at Age Thirteen, Durer’s drawing of a rabbit and a reproduction of an anonymous 15th-century portrait of a child with clasped hands
13 x 12-1/4 x 4 in. (33 x 31.1 x 10.1 cm)
Norton Simon Museum, Museum Purchase with funds contributed by the Charles and Ellamae Storrier-Stearns Fund and Fellows Acquisition Fund
© 2022 The Joseph and Robert Cornell Memorial Foundation / Licensed by VAGA at Artists Rights Society (ARS), NY

Marcel Duchamp's 1961 replica of his 1941 work Boite-en-valise (Box in a Suitcase)

Marcel Duchamp (French, 1887–1968)
Boite-en-valise (Box in a Suitcase), 1961 (original 1941)
Cardboard box containing 68 miniature replicas and reproductions, Series D of 1961, Edition of 30
16 x 14-3/4 x 3-1/2 in. (40.6 x 37.5 x 8.9 cm)
Norton Simon Museum, Museum Purchase
© Association Marcel Duchamp / ADAGP, Paris / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York, 2022

T. Lux Feininger's 1923 sculpture titled Head

T. Lux Feininger (German-American, 1910–2011)
Head, 1923
Gouache and pencil on wood
4 x 1-7/8 x 1-1/2 in. (10.2 x 4.8 x 3.8 cm)
Norton Simon Museum, The Blue Four Galka Scheyer Collection
© T. Lux Feininger Estate

Lyonel Feininger's 1920 sculpture titled Head

Lyonel Feininger (German-American, 1871–1956)
Head, 1920
Oil paint on wood with metal ring
4-1/8 x 1-5/8 x 1-5/8 in. (10.5 x 4.1 x 4.1 cm)
Norton Simon Museum, The Blue Four Galka Scheyer Collection
© 2022 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn

Paul Klee's 1922 work titled Park

Paul Klee (Swiss, 1879–1940)
Park, 1922
Color collotype on laid paper
comp: 5 x 4 in. (12.7 x 10.2 cm); sheet: 6-3/8 x 5-7/8 in. (16.2 x 14.9 cm)
Norton Simon Museum, The Blue Four Galka Scheyer Collection
© 2022 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

Kurt Schwitters's c. 1920 work titled Lust Murder Box number 2

Kurt Schwitters (German, 1887–1948)
Lust Murder Box #2, 1920–22
Inlaid wood box (crafted by Albert Schulze, Hanover)
2-1/8 x 5 x 3-3/4 in. (5.4 x 12.7 x 9.5 cm)
Norton Simon Museum, Gift of Kate Steinitz
© 2022 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

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About the Norton Simon Museum

The Norton Simon Museum is known around the world as one of the most remarkable private art collections ever assembled. Over a 30-year period, industrialist Norton Simon (1907–1993) amassed an astonishing collection of European art from the Renaissance to the 20th century, and a stellar collection of South and Southeast Asian art spanning 2,000 years. Modern and Contemporary Art from Europe and the United States, acquired by the former Pasadena Art Museum, also occupies an important place in the Museum’s collections. The Museum houses more than 12,000 objects, roughly 1,000 of which are on view in the galleries and gardens.

Location: The Norton Simon Museum is located at 411 W. Colorado Blvd. at Orange Grove Boulevard in Pasadena, Calif., at the intersection of the Foothill (210) and Ventura (134) freeways. For general Museum information, please call (626) 449-6840 or visit Hours: The Museum is open Thursday through Monday, 12 p.m. to 5 p.m. (Friday and Saturday to 7 p.m.).  It is closed on Tuesday and Wednesday. Admission: General admission is $20 for adults and $15 for seniors. Members, students with I.D., and patrons age 18 and under are admitted free of charge. The first Friday of the month from 4 to 7 p.m. is free to all. The Museum is wheelchair accessible. Parking: Parking is free but limited, and no reservations are necessary. Public Transportation: Pasadena Transit stops directly in front of the Museum. Please visit for schedules. The MTA bus line #180/181 stops in front of the Museum. The Memorial Park Station on the MTA Gold Line, the closest Metro Rail station to the Museum, is located at 125 E. Holly St. at Arroyo Parkway. Please visit for schedules. Planning your Visit: For up-to-date information on our guidelines and protocols, please visit

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