Portrait of Frau Reuther
c. 1921
Oskar Kokoschka (Austrian, 1886-1980)
Not on View

Oskar Kokoschka is often associated with the German Expressionists, yet he adamantly refused to partake in any of the well-known groups that defined the movement. Working outside of such formal organizations as Die Brücke and Der Blaue Reiter, the Austrian painter nevertheless held similar tenets, producing powerfully expressive pictures with vigorous paint handling that conveys the inner sensibilities of both artist and sitter. This portrait depicts the mother-in-law of a close friend, photographer Hugo Erfurth. With evident blindness in her left eye and a partially hidden right hand, possibly suggesting the claw-like rigidity of arthritis, the elderly woman sits proudly, with the hint of a smile on her face. By employing a palette knife rather than a paintbrush, Kokoschka built up his composition in a thick array of greens, blues, and violets that add physical and psychological depth to this sympathetic portrait.


  • Artist Name: Oskar Kokoschka (Austrian, 1886-1980)
  • Title: Portrait of Frau Reuther
  • Date: c. 1921
  • Medium: Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions: 37-1/2 x 26-1/8 in. (95.3 x 66.4 cm)
  • Credit Line: The Norton Simon Foundation
  • Accession Number: F.1967.4.P
  • Copyright: © 2017 Fondation Oskar Kokoschka / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ProLitteris, Zurich Reproduction, including downloading of ARS works is prohibited by copyright laws and international conventions without the express written permission of Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

Object Information

Hugo Erfurth (1874-1948), Dresden, who probably commissioned the work, and still had it in 1927.
[Rudolf Probst (still alive in 1952), Dresden, later Mannheim].
Private Collection, Minneapolis, in 1956 (probably David Daniels, see below);
David Daniels, New York (1927-2002), by 1956-still in 1962.
[Jane Wade, Ltd., New York, sold 1967 to];
The Norton Simon Foundation.

Õsterreichische Kunst von Klimt bis Kokoschka

  • Kunsthütte zu Chemnitz, 1927-04-08 to 1927-05-01


  • Dresden, Kunstler-Vereinigung, 1928 to

Oskar Kokoschka, aus seinen Schaffen 1907-1950

  • Munich, Haus der Kunst, 1950-09 to 1950-10
  • Hamburg, Kunsthalle, 1950-11 to 1950-12
  • Mannheim, Kunsthalle, 1951-01 to 1951-01
  • Schloss Charlottenburg, 1951-02 to 1951-03

Expressionism 1900-1955

  • Walker Art Center, 1956-01-21 to 1956-05-11
  • Baltimore Museum of Art, 1956-04-12 to 1956-05-20
  • San Francisco Museum of Art, 1956-06-06 to 1956-07-22
  • Contemporary Arts Center (Cincinnati, Ohio), 1956-08-28 to 1956-09-23
  • Baltimore Museum of Art, 1956-10-09 to 1956-11-04
  • Albright-Knox Art Gallery, 1956-11-16 to 1956-12-30

Oskar Kokoschka

  • Munich, Haus der Kunst, 1958-03-14 to 1958-05-11

Oskar Kokoschka

  • Vienna, Künstlerhaus, 1958-05-19 to 1958-07-13

Oskar Kokoschka

  • The Hague, Gemeentemuseum, 1958-07-31 to 1958-10-01

Kokoschka: A Retrospective Exhibition of Paintings, Drawings, Lithographs, Stage Designs, and Books

  • Tate Gallery, 1962-09-14 to 1962-11-11

Oskar Kokoschka

  • New York, Marlborough-Gerson Gallery, Inc., 1966-10 to 1966-11

Masterpieces of Five Centuries, Forty-Eight Paintings and Sculptures from the Norton Simon Foundation and the Norton Simon, Inc. Museum

  • Houston, Museum of Fine Arts, 1972-10-04 to 1973-11-04

The Blue Four and Their Contemporaries

  • Norton Simon Museum, 1991-06-20 to 1992-05-24

Six Centuries of Portraiture from the Permanent Collection

  • Norton Simon Museum, 1989-11-02 to 1990-12-16

Gaze: Portraiture After Ingres

  • Norton Simon Museum, 2009-10-30 to 2010-04-05

Reinstallation of South Wing

  • Norton Simon Museum, 1993-10-07 to 1995-08-13
  • Brommer, Gerald F., Discovering Art History, p. 399
  • Wingler, Hans Maria, Oskar Kokoschka: Das Werk des Malers, 1956, no. 141 p. 309
  • Wingler, Hans Maria, Oskar Kokoschka: The Work of the Painter, 1958, no. 141 p. 309
  • Masterpieces from the Norton Simon Museum, 1989, p. 182
  • Winkler, Johann and Katharina Erling, Oskar Kokoschka: Die Gemälde, 1995, no. 155 p. 93
  • Biedermann, Heike, Kokoschka und Dresden, 1996, pp. 81-82
  • Campbell, Sara, Collector Without Walls: Norton Simon and His Hunt for the Best, 2010, cat. 402 p. 293
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Additional Artwork by Artist

Hefa Oskar Kokoschka 1922
Ruth III Oskar Kokoschka 1922
The Man in the Tomb (from the Series O Ewigkeit du Donnerwort (Bach Canata) Oskar Kokoschka 1914

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