Winter (The Vicarage Garden under Snow)
Probably January 1885, Nuenen
Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853-1890)
On View

Van Gogh’s father was a Protestant minister; the artist himself had studied theology and pursued missionary work briefly before settling with his parents in the vicarage of a remote Dutch town in 1883. In this view across the vicarage garden, a lone figure clears a path, though the leafless bushes—or perhaps markers—at left give us pause: is this man shoveling snow, or digging a grave? From bare trees to dirty snow, to wintry, scumbled sky, the landscape is willfully, unremittingly bleak, a painted equivalent to Émile Zola’s grim Naturalist novels of the same period.

Details

  • Artist Name: Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853-1890)
  • Title: Winter (The Vicarage Garden under Snow)
  • Date: Probably January 1885, Nuenen
  • Medium: Oil on canvas, mounted to panel
  • Dimensions: 23 x 31-1/8 in. (58.4 x 79.1 cm)
  • Credit Line: The Norton Simon Foundation
  • Accession Number: F.1969.39.2.P
  • Copyright: © The Norton Simon Foundation

Object Information

C. Mouwen, Jr., Breda (sale, Amsterdam, Frederik Muller & Cie, Amsterdam, 3 May 1904, lot 6, as L’hiver, unsold).
[Oldenzeel Art Gallery, Rotterdam].
Henricus Petrus Bremmer (1871-1956), The Hague, 1905, by descent to;
his heirs.
?[E.V. Thaw & Co., New York; stock no. R8106];
?[Reid & Lefevre, London];
[E. J. van Wisselingh and Co., Amsterdam; stock no. S 2589, as L’Hiver; by 1963; offered 24 September 1969 and subsequently sold 22 October 1969 to];
The Norton Simon Foundation.

Vincent van Gogh

  • Liège, Musée de Beaux Arts, 1946-10 to
  • Palais des beaux-arts (Brussels, Belgium), 1946-11-09 to 1946-12-19
  • Mons, Musée des Beaux Arts, 1947-01 to
Rudine, W., Follies, p. 2
Faille, J. B. de la, Vincent van Gogh, no. 209 p. 169
Yasuda Kasai Museum of Art, Concealed van Gogh: Radiographic Images of Vincent van Gogh's Paintings in the Collection of the van Gogh Museum, under no. 4, fig. 4a
Masterpieces from the Norton Simon Museum, p. 163
I geni dell'arte: van Gogh, pp. 116-117
The Complete Letters of Vincent van Gogh, no. 394 p. 349
Brettell, Richard R. and Stephen F. Eisenman, Nineteenth-Century Art in the Norton Simon Museum, volume 1,
Steadman, David W., The Connoisseur, p. 223
Hulsker, Jan, Van Gogh en zijn weg, no. 603, pl. 137 pp. 134, 136, 144-146
Wilson, William, Los Angeles Times, p. 44
Sjraar van Heugten, Van Gogh in Provence: Modernizing Tradition, fig. 15 pp. 37-39
Faille, J. B. de la, L'Oeuvre de Vincent van Gogh, catalogue raisonné, vol. I, p. 59, no. 4; vol. II, pl. L, no. 194 p. 59
Hulsker, Jan, The Complete van Gogh: Paintings, Drawings, Sketches, no. 603, pl. 137 pp. 134, 136, 144-146
Hulsker, Jan, Dageboek van Van Gogh, p. 69
Campbell, Sara, Collector Without Walls: Norton Simon and His Hunt for the Best, cat. 694 p. 328
Vanbeselaere, W., De Hollandische periode in het werk van Vincent van Gogh, no. 194 pp. 252-253, 294, 416
25 Great Masters of Modern Art: van Gogh, no. 5 p. 108
Connaissance des Arts, no. 243 p. 13
Faille, J. B. de la, The Works of Vincent van Gogh: His Paintings and Drawings, no. F194, p. 104-105, 145, 618-619 pp. 104-105, 145, 618-619
Berger, R., Art & Technology, pp. 15, 22, 27
Lecaldano, Paolo, L'opera completa di Van Gogh, no. 96 pp. 98-99
Versluys, W., Vincent van Gogh, 40 photo-calographies d'après ses tableaux et dessins, no. 17
van der Work, J., De Schetsboeken van Vincent van Gogh, no. 339 p. 290
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Additional Artwork by Artist

Autograph Letter from Auvers-Sur-Oise to the Ginoux Family in Arles Vincent van Gogh c. June 11, 1890
Back Garden of Sien's Mother's House, the Hague Vincent van Gogh 1882
Head of a Peasant Woman in a White Bonnet Vincent van Gogh 1885

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