Saint Jerome in Penitence
1798
Francisco de Goya y Lucientes (Spanish, 1746-1828)
On View

An early Christian scholar, St. Jerome produced the first Latin translation of the Bible. He lived the life of an ascetic for four years in the desert while studying and praying to free himself from worldly desire. Emaciated and scantily clad, here he contemplates a crucifix in his harsh wilderness retreat. Around him lie his books and writing materials, as well as the scourge used for his repentant self-reproof and a skull (the symbol of death) that served as aids in spiritual contemplation. In his hand he holds the stone with which he beat his breast in penitence.

Goya’s beautifully rendered St. Jerome in Penitence may have originally formed part of a series of the four Fathers of the Church, along with his St. Ambrose (Cleveland Museum of Art), St. Gregory (Museo Romántico, Madrid) and St. Augustine (private collection). However, while all of these paintings are almost identical in size, the intimate depiction of St. Jerome as the fervent anchorite contrasts starkly with the less spontaneous and more classical depiction of the other church fathers in their sumptuous Roman liturgical robes.

Details

  • Artist Name: Francisco de Goya y Lucientes (Spanish, 1746-1828)
  • Title: Saint Jerome in Penitence
  • Date: 1798
  • Medium: Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions: 75-1/8 x 45 in. (190.8 x 114.3 cm)
  • Credit Line: The Norton Simon Foundation
  • Accession Number: F.1970.08.P
  • Copyright: © The Norton Simon Foundation

Object Information

Said to have come from the Jesuit mission, province of Toledo, Spain (possibly San Ildefonso?).
Manuel Vilches, Madrid, by 1917;
Luis Vilches, Madrid, 1923, still in 1957; [Stanley Moss and Co., Inc., New York];
[Schmid & Schmid Aktiengesellschaft für Kunsthandel, Vaduz, Liechtenstein, sold 22 January 1964, to];
[Marlborough-Gerson Gallery, New York / Galerie des Arts Anciens et Mod- ernes, Schaan, Liechtenstein];
[Spencer A. Samuels and Co., Ltd., New York, by September 1969, when sold to];
The Norton Simon Foundation.
Young, Eric, Francisco Goya, no. 17
Sánchez Cantón, Francisco Xavier, Revista de Ideas Esteticas, pp. 297-298
Jean-Luc Baroni Ltd., Master Paintings and Sculpture, no. 30, fig. 2
Morse, John D., Old Master Paintings in North America, p. 143
de Salas, Xavier, Goya, no. 314 p. 186
Sánchez Cantón, Francisco Xavier, Vida y obras de Goya, pp. 61, 136
Brettell, Richard R. and Stephen F. Eisenman, Nineteenth-Century Art in the Norton Simon Museum, volume 1,
Caen-Bermudez, J. A., Diccionario historico de los mas illustres profesores de las bellas artes en España,
European Paintings of the 16th, 17th, and 18th Centuries: The Cleveland Museum of Art Catalogue of Paintings, Part Three, no. 216, fig. 216c
Lurie, Ann Tzeutschler, Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art, no. 3, fig. 4 pp. 131, 140
Various authors, edited by Mark Rogián, Spanish Art in America, p. 193 ; p. 194 (ill.)
de Beruete y Moret, Aureliano, Goya: Composiciones y figuras, pp. 103-104
Sullivan, Edward J., Goya and the Art of His Time, no. I.9, fig. 34
Gudiol, José, Goya 1746-1828: Biography, Analytical Study and Catalogue of His Paintings, vol. I, no. 181; vol. II, figs. 279, 280
Campbell, Sara, Collector Without Walls: Norton Simon and His Hunt for the Best, cat. 728 p. 332
Mayer, August L., Francisco de Goya, no. 48, fig. 10
Covey, Herbert C., Images of Older People in Western Art and Society, pl. 11 p. 49
Steadman, David W., The Graphic Art of Francisco Goya from the Norton Simon Foundation, the Norton Simon, Inc. Museum of Art and the Pomona College Collections, fig. 10
Juliet Wilson-Bareau, Goya in the Norton Simon Museum, cat. 1 p. 6, 13-14, 37, 77, 84 (ill.), 85-86, 88-90, 96, 254
Longhi, R.; and August L. Mayer, Gli Antici Pintori Spagnoli della Collezione Contini-Bonacossi, p. 18
Masterpieces from the Norton Simon Museum, p. 106
Young, Eric, Francisco Goya, no. 17
Sánchez de Riviera y Mosét, Daniel, Goya: la leyenda, la enfermedad y las pinturas religiosas, pl. L p. 73
Young, Eric, The Connoisseur, pl. B pp. 176-185
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Additional Artwork by Artist

Caprichos: Even Thus He Cannot Make Her Out (Ni asi la distingue) Francisco de Goya y Lucientes 1799
Caprichos: Fran.co Goya y Lucientes, Painter (Fran.co Goya y Lucientes, Pintor) Francisco de Goya y Lucientes 1799
Caprichos: Here Comes the Bogey-Man (Que viene el coco) Francisco de Goya y Lucientes 1799

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