Repoussé refers to decoration hammered into relief from the back of a metal plate. In this gold repoussé plaque, the Hindu god Vishnu represents the world axis. He stands on a square base, symbolic of the earth, and he is framed by a circular halo, which signifies the heavens. His upright form represents a stalk from which a lotus flower blossoms, seen at the top of Vishnu’s miter. Vishnu’s four arms, holding his attributes—the chakra (wheel), conch shell, orb and club—signal the four cardinal directions.
- Title: Plaque with Vishnu with Attendant
- Date: c. 700
- Medium: Gold repoussé
- Dimensions: 11-7/8 x 6-3/8 in. (30.2 x 16.2 cm)
- Credit Line: The Norton Simon Foundation
- Accession Number: F.1972.19.2.S
- Copyright: © The Norton Simon Foundation
Lerner, Martin, The Connoisseur, fig. 8 p. 200
Pal, Pratapaditya, Asian Art: Selections from the Norton Simon Museum, fig. 3 p. 62
Woodward, Hiram, The Art and Architecture of Thailand from Prehistoric Times through the Thirteenth Century, fig. 20
Bunker, Emma and Douglas Latchford, Adoration and Glory: Ancient Cambodian Sculpture, fig. 17.1 p. 433
Pal, Pratapaditya, Asian Art at the Norton Simon Museum, Volume 3: Art from Sri Lanka & Southeast Asia, no. 84 pp. 102-103, 109, 112, 114, 116-117
McArthur, Meher, The Arts of Asia: A Guide to the Materials, Techniques and Styles, pp. 7, 176, 190-191
Lost Kingdoms: Hindu Buddhist Sculpture of Early Southeast Asia, fig. 104 p. 145
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