Plaque with Vishnu with Attendant
c. 700
Asia: Thailand, Phetchabun, Sri Thep
On View

Repoussé refers to decoration hammered into relief from the back of a metal plate. In this gold repoussé plaque, the Hindu god Vishnu represents the world axis. He stands on a square base, symbolic of the earth, and he is framed by a circular halo, which signifies the heavens. His upright form represents a stalk from which a lotus flower blossoms, seen at the top of Vishnu’s miter. Vishnu’s four arms, holding his attributes—the chakra (wheel), conch shell, orb and club—signal the four cardinal directions.


  • Title: Plaque with Vishnu with Attendant
  • Date: c. 700
  • Medium: Gold repoussé
  • Dimensions: 11-7/8 x 6-3/8 in. (30.2 x 16.2 cm)
  • Credit Line: The Norton Simon Foundation
  • Accession Number: F.1972.19.2.S
  • Copyright: © The Norton Simon Foundation

Object Information

  • Lerner, Martin, The Connoisseur, fig. 8 p. 200
  • Pal, Pratapaditya, Asian Art: Selections from the Norton Simon Museum, fig. 3 p. 62
  • Woodward, Hiram, The Art and Architecture of Thailand from Prehistoric Times through the Thirteenth Century, 2002, fig. 20
  • Bunker, Emma and Douglas Latchford, Adoration and Glory: Ancient Cambodian Sculpture, 2003, fig. 17.1 p. 433
  • Pal, Pratapaditya, Asian Art at the Norton Simon Museum, Volume 3: Art from Sri Lanka & Southeast Asia, 2004, no. 84 pp. 102-103, 109, 112, 114, 116-117
  • McArthur, Meher, The Arts of Asia: A Guide to the Materials, Techniques and Styles, 2005, pp. 7, 176, 190-191
  • Campbell, Sara, Collector Without Walls: Norton Simon and His Hunt for the Best, 2010, cat. 811 p. 341
  • Lost Kingdoms: Hindu Buddhist Sculpture of Early Southeast Asia, 2014, fig. 104 p. 145
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