Buddha Shakyamuni
late 11th century
Asia: India, Tamil Nadu, Nagappattinam
On View

Although the rulers of the Chola dynasty were primarily practitioners of the Hindu faith, Buddhism and Jainism were also practiced within their kingdom. This sculpture of Buddha Shakyamuni testifies to the religion’s presence in the region. The sculpture comes from the town of Nagapattinam, known as a center for Buddhism and an important site for the artistic production of Buddhist imagery during the Chola reign.


  • Title: Buddha Shakyamuni
  • Date: late 11th century
  • Medium: Bronze
  • Dimensions: overall: 29-3/4 x 10 x 10 in. (75.6 x 25.4 x 25.4 cm)
  • Credit Line: The Norton Simon Foundation
  • Accession Number: F.1972.31.2.S
  • Copyright: © The Norton Simon Foundation

Object Information

  • Pal, Pratapaditya, Marg, fig. 14 pp. 61, 66
  • Sotheby's,
  • Salmony, Alfred, Asiatische Kunst: Austellung Köln 1926, 1929, pp. 27-28, 22
  • Pal, Pratapaditya, American Collectors of Asian Art, 1986, fig. 14 pp. 125, 130
  • Pal, Pratapaditya, A Pot-pourri of Indian Art, 1988, p. 130
  • Pal, Pratapaditya, Asian Art at the Norton Simon Museum, Volume 1: Art from the Indian Subcontinent, 2003, no. 183 pp. 257-258
  • Campbell, Sara, Collector Without Walls: Norton Simon and His Hunt for the Best, 2010, cat. 834 p. 343
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