Vishnu and Lakshmi with his Avatars and Attendants

Place Made:
India: Himachal Pradesh
11th century
Copper alloy 
23-1/4 x 16-3/4 x 5 in. (59.1 x 42.5 x 12.7 cm) 
Credit Line:
The Norton Simon Foundation 
Accession Number:
© The Norton Simon Foundation 
On View

This elaborate altarpiece is one of the most impressive Hindu bronzes to survive from the Pratihara Dynasty (805–1036) of north-central India. Vishnu affectionately embraces his wife Lakshmi, and the divine couple is surrounded by his various avatars or incarnations. The supreme form of Vishnu is placed at the peak of the arch, in which he sits in deep mediation holding his primary attributes the club and wheel.

Image reproduction permission may be granted for scholarly or arts related commercial use. All image requests, regardless of their intended purpose, should be submitted via email. Requests can also be made by fax or mail.

Images may be protected by copyright and other intellectual property rights. Additional permission may be required.

Approved requests for the reproduction of an image will receive a contract detailing all fees and conditions of use of the image. Upon receipt of both the signed contract and full payment, the Office of Rights and Reproductions will provide the image. A complimentary copy of the published material must be provided to the Norton Simon Museum.

Please fill out our Online Reproduction Request Form.

E-mail: [email protected]
Telephone: (626) 449-6840 x 3300
Fax: (626) 796-4978