Panini painted close to twenty versions of the interior of St. Peter's. This painting depicts the interior of the basilica as it looked prior to changes that occurred after 1743. It is based on a work, now in the Louvre, that was commissioned by Cardinal Melchoir de Polignac, French Ambassador to the Vatican. In these paintings, Polignac, dressed as a Cardinal, is in the basilica surrounded by a small coterie. The bold description of the vast interior and the sureness with which the architecture and decor are described on the canvas remind us again of Panini's thorough familiarity with scenographic design.
- Artist Name: Giovanni Paolo Panini (Italian, 1691-1765)
- Title: Interior of Saint Peter's, Rome
- Date: 1735
- Medium: Oil on canvas
- Dimensions: 60-1/4 x 86-1/2 in. (153 x 219.7 cm)
- Credit Line: The Norton Simon Foundation
- Accession Number: F.1974.3.P
- Copyright: © The Norton Simon Foundation
The Rt. Hon. Dowager Viscountess Galway, Serlby Hall, Nottinghamshire.
[Artemis (E.V Thaw & Co., Inc.)];
Norton Simon Foundation.
Waagen, G., Galleries and Cabinets of Art in Great Britain, p. 518
McCorquodale, Charles, The Connoisseur, pp. 211, 215
Musgrave, Ernest I., Serlby Hall: An Illustrated Survey of the Nottinghamshire Residence of the Viscounts Galway, pl. 12
Campbell, Sara, Collector Without Walls: Norton Simon and His Hunt for the Best, cat. 1009 p. 362
Levey, Michael, The Burlington Magazine, pp. 53, 54
Arisi, Ferdinando, Gian Paolo Panini, no. 6 p. 140
Levey, Michael, The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Italian Schools, pp. 174-175
Musgrave, Ernest I., Serlby Hall: An Illustrated Survey of the Nottinghamshire Residence of the Viscounts Galway, pl. 30
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