Panini painted close to 20 versions of the interior of St. Peter’s Basilica, the seat of Catholicism in Rome. St. Peter’s was a major site of religious pilgrimage and tourism in the 18th century, as it is today. This painting depicts the church as it looked prior to changes that occurred after 1743. It is based on a work, now in the Louvre, that was commissioned by Cardinal Melchior de Polignac, French ambassador to the Vatican. Although he is not depicted in this version, Polignac can often be spotted in these paintings in red robes and surrounded by a small coterie. In this painting, the bold description of the vast interior architecture and the finely detailed rendering of the decor testify to Panini’s early training in designing theater sets.
- Artist Name: Giovanni Paolo Panini (Italian, 1691-1765)
- Title: Interior of Saint Peter's, Rome
- Date: 1735
- Medium: Oil on canvas
- Dimensions: 60-1/4 x 86-1/2 in. (153 x 219.7 cm)
- Credit Line: The Norton Simon Foundation
- Accession Number: F.1974.3.P
- Copyright: © The Norton Simon Foundation
The Rt. Hon. Dowager Viscountess Galway, Serlby Hall, Nottinghamshire.
[Artemis (E.V Thaw & Co., Inc.)];
Norton Simon Foundation.
- Musgrave, Ernest I., Serlby Hall: An Illustrated Survey of the Nottinghamshire Residence of the Viscounts Galway,pl. 12
- Campbell, Sara, Collector Without Walls: Norton Simon and His Hunt for the Best,2010, cat. 1009 p. 362
- Levey, Michael, The Burlington Magazine, pp. 53, 54
- Arisi, Ferdinando, Gian Paolo Panini,no. 6 p. 140
- Levey, Michael, The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Italian Schools, pp. 174-175
- Musgrave, Ernest I., Serlby Hall: An Illustrated Survey of the Nottinghamshire Residence of the Viscounts Galway,pl. 30
- Masterpieces from the Norton Simon Museum,1989, pp. 96-97
- Waagen, G., Galleries and Cabinets of Art in Great Britain, p. 518
- McCorquodale, Charles, The Connoisseur, pp. 211, 215
Image reproduction permission may be granted for scholarly or arts related commercial use. All image requests, regardless of their intended purpose, should be submitted via the reproduction request form.
Images may be protected by copyright and other intellectual property rights. Additional permission may be required.
Approved requests for the reproduction of an image will receive a contract detailing all fees and conditions of use of the image. Upon receipt of both the signed contract and full payment, the Office of Rights and Reproductions will provide the image. A complimentary copy of the published material must be provided to the Norton Simon Museum.