Portrait of a Peasant (Patience Escalier)
August 1888
Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853-1890)
On View

Sunburnt and weather-beaten, the Provençal peasant Patience Escalier gazes out of Van Gogh’s picture with blazing intensity. Dazzling yellow, vivid blue, green, and red make this portrait, painted in August 1888, perhaps the artist’s most daring coloristic experiment to date. “[I]nstead of trying to reproduce exactly what I have before my eyes,” he wrote to his brother, Theo, “I use color more arbitrarily, in order to express myself with force.” He called the picture “a sort of ‘man with a hoe,’” referring to a celebrated work by the previous generation’s great painter of peasants, Jean-François Millet: Man with a Hoe, today in the J. Paul Getty Museum.


  • Artist Name: Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853-1890)
  • Title: Portrait of a Peasant (Patience Escalier)
  • Date: August 1888
  • Medium: Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions: 25-1/4 x 21-1/2 in. (64.1 x 54.6 cm)
  • Credit Line: Norton Simon Art Foundation
  • Accession Number: M.1975.06.P
  • Copyright: © Norton Simon Art Foundation

Object Information

Mrs. Johanna van Gogh-Bonger, Amsterdam, sold Dec. 1899 to;
Henricus Petrus Bremmer (1871-1956), The Hague, still in 1935, to;
Mr. and Mrs. Edouard L. Jonas, Paris and New York;
Mrs. H. Harris Jonas (Mrs. Edouard Jonas, 1884–1974), New York, to;
[Wildenstein and Co., New York, sold 1975 to];
Norton Simon Art Foundation.

French Painting from Cezanne to the Present

  • Springfield, Massachusetts Museum of Fine Arts, 1935-12-07 to 1936-01-05

Exceptional Loans: Renoir, Van Gogh, Vuillard. Three Masterpieces from the Norton Simon Museum at the Musée d'Orsay

  • Musée d'Orsay, 2015-03-26 to 2015-06-22

Van Gogh's "Portrait of a Peasant (Patience Escalier)" from the Norton Simon Museum

  • The Frick Collection, 2012-10-30 to 2013-01-20

Faces from the World of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism

  • Wildenstein & Co. (New York, N.Y.), 1972-11-02 to 1972-12-09

Van Gogh

  • Wildenstein & Co. (New York, N.Y.), 1955-03-24 to 1955-04-30

Masterpieces of Art

  • New York, World's Fair, 1940-05 to 1940-10

Great Portraits from Impressionism to Modernism

  • Wildenstein & Co. (New York, N.Y.), 1938-03-01 to 1938-03-29

The Twentieth Anniversary Exhibition

  • Cleveland Museum of Art, 1936-06-26 to 1936-10-04

[on loan]

  • The Hague, Gemeentemuseum, 1924 to 1935

Udstilling af aeldre og nyere hollandsk Malerkunst

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Internationale Kunstausstellung des Sonderbundes westdeutscher Kunstfreunde und Künstler zu Köln

  • Städtische Ausstellungshalle, 1912-05-25 to 1912-09-30

Vincent van Gogh

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Vincent van Gogh

  • Rotterdam, Kunstzalen Oldenzeel, 1904-11-10 to 1904-12-15

The Art and Life of Vincent van Gogh, Loan Exhibition in Aid of American and Dutch War Relief

  • Wildenstein & Co. (New York, N.Y.), 1943-10-06 to 1943-11-07

Collector's Choice: Masterpieces of French Art from New York Private Collections

  • New York, Paul Rosenberg and Co., 1953-03-17 to 1953-04-18

Vincent van Gogh

  • Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, 1905-07 to 1905-08

Vincent van Gogh: Painter, Printmaker, Collector

  • Norton Simon Museum, 1990-04-19 to 1992-01-12

Reinstallation of South Wing

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Three Centuries of French Art: Selections from The Norton Simon, Inc. Museum of Art and The Norton Simon Foundation_1

  • California Palace of the Legion of Honor, 1973-05-03 to 1976-06-15
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  • Stephan Wolohojian et al., Nineteenth-Century Masterpieces from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, 2003, fig. 96 p. 145
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  • Marjan van Heteren, Anita Hopmans, Jenny Reynaerts, Maaike Rikhof, Chris Stolwijk, Van Gogh, Cézanne, Le Fauconnier and the Bergen School, 2023, 26 p. 40 (ill.)
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Additional Artwork by Artist

Autograph Letter from Auvers-Sur-Oise to the Ginoux Family in Arles Vincent van Gogh c. June 11, 1890
Back Garden of Sien's Mother's House, the Hague Vincent van Gogh 1882
Head of a Peasant Woman in a White Bonnet Vincent van Gogh 1885

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