4th century
Asia: India, Uttar Pradesh
On View

Kubera is regarded as the god of wealth and ruler of the northern quadrant of the universe. One of his attributes is a cup for holding liquor, of which he is very fond. He can also be identified by his distinctive posture, in which he sits on his haunches upon a low seat. His potbelly manifests his well-being and good fortune.


  • Title: Kubera
  • Date: 4th century
  • Medium: Sandstone
  • Dimensions: overall: 20-1/8 x 13-3/4 x 5-1/2 in. (51.1 x 34.91 x 14 cm)
  • Credit Line: Norton Simon Art Foundation
  • Accession Number: M.1975.11.04.S
  • Copyright: © Norton Simon Art Foundation

Object Information

  • Dye III, Joseph M., Asian Art: Selections from the Norton Simon Museum, 1988, fig. 5 p. 25
  • Stadtner, Donald M., Bhatisri's Manibhadra of A.D. 431 in June 2002 issue of Orientations magazine, 2002, fig. 5 p. 29
  • Pal, Pratapaditya, Asian Art at the Norton Simon Museum, Volume 1: Art from the Indian Subcontinent, 2003, no. 62 p. 100
  • Campbell, Sara, Collector Without Walls: Norton Simon and His Hunt for the Best, 2010, cat. 1156 p. 377
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