Jeanne Hébuterne
Amedeo Modigliani (Italian, 1884-1920)
On View

With elongated proportions and mask-like faces, Modigliani’s mature portraits share an unsettling family likeness. The pictures he painted of one sitter, however, are distinguished by particular grace and reverence. Modigliani met Jeanne Hébuterne, an aspiring artist, in the summer of 1917; she fell passionately in love and, in November of the following year, bore him the daughter she may already have been carrying when she sat for this picture, assuming the pose of an Italian Renaissance Virgin Annunciate. Born in Italy, Modigliani had moved to Paris in 1906, immersing himself in the bohemian artistic communities of Montmartre and Montparnasse. He frequented Picasso’s studio, dabbled in Cubism, and developed an addiction to drugs and alcohol. By the time he met Hébuterne, he was already gravely ill but had evolved the distinctive style—influenced by Botticelli and the early Italian masters—deployed in this picture.


  • Artist Name: Amedeo Modigliani (Italian, 1884-1920)
  • Title: Jeanne Hébuterne
  • Date: 1918
  • Medium: Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions: 39-3/4 x 25-7/8 in. (101 x 65.7 cm)
  • Credit Line: Norton Simon Art Foundation
  • Accession Number: M.1975.13.2.P
  • Copyright: © Norton Simon Art Foundation

Object Information

?[Léopold Zborowski (1889-1932), Paris].
[Galerie Bing, Paris, by 1925].
[Paul Guillaume (1891-1934), Paris, before 1929].
[De Hauke & Co., New York, by 1929].
[Lucien Demotte, New York, by 1931, sold to];
Mr. and Mrs. Bernard J. Reis, New York, by 1935-1965, sold to;
[Marlborough-Gerson Gallery, Inc., New York, sold 10 December 1965 to];
Mr. and Mrs. Norton Simon, Los Angeles, as part of a divorce settlement, 1970, to;
Lucille Simon, Los Angeles, sold 14 August 1975 to;
[Paul Rosenberg & Co., New York, stock no. 6478, sold 14 August 1975 to];
Norton Simon Art Foundation.


  • Galerie Bing, 1925-10-24 to 1925-11-15

Paintings by Amedeo Modigliani

  • De Hauke & Co., 1929-10-24 to 1929-11-09
  • Arts Club of Chicago, 1929-12 to 1929-12

Amedeo Modigliani 1884-1920: Retrospective Exhibition of Paintings

  • Demotte Galleries, New York, 1931-11 to 1931-11

[on loan]

  • Modern Institute of Art (Beverly Hills, California), 1947 to 1947

Modigliani: Paintings, Drawings, Sculpture

  • Cleveland Museum of Art, 1951-01-31 to 1951-03-18
  • Museum of Modern Art (New York, NY), 1951-04-11 to 1951-06-10

Arte italiana del XX secolo da collezioni americane

  • Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, 1960-07-16 to 1960-09-18
  • Palazzo Reale, 1960-04-30 to 1960-06-26

Modigliani: Paintings and Drawings

  • Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1961-01-19 to 1961-02-26
  • Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1961-03-29 to 1961-04-30

Exhibition of Modern Italian Art under the Patronage of His Majesty the King of Italy organized by the Italian Ministry of Public Instruction [under the] auspices of the Italy America Society

  • Grand Central Art Galleries, 1926 to 1926

Visits to Private Collections Under the Auspices of the Museum of Modern Art: Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Bernard J. Reis

  • Museum of Modern Art (New York, NY), 1954-05-26 to

Visits to Private Collections Under the Auspices of the Museum of Modern Art: Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Bernard J. Reis

  • Museum of Modern Art (New York, NY), 1957-05-08 to

Visits to Private Collections Under the Auspices of the Museum of Modern Art: Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Bernard J. Reis

  • Museum of Modern Art (New York, NY), 1964-04-01 to

Gaze: Portraiture After Ingres

  • Norton Simon Museum, 2009-10-30 to 2010-04-05

Reinstallation of South Wing

  • Norton Simon Museum, 1993-10-07 to 1995-08-13
  • Ponente, N., Modigliani, no. 59
  • Zborowski, Léopold, Modigliani, pl. IX
  • Steadman, David W., The Connoisseur, p. 230
  • L'amour de l'art, p. 386
  • Scheiwiller, Giovanni, Amedeo Modigliani, fig. 5
  • Dale, Maud, Amedeo Modigliani, no. 11
  • Scheiwiller, Giovanni, Amedeo Modigliani, pl. XIX
  • Scheiwiller, Giovanni, Amedeo Modigliani, pl. XXX
  • Roy, Claude, Modigliani, pp. 110-113
  • Waldemar, George?, La grande peinture contemporaine á la Collection Paul Guillaume, 1926, pl. 17
  • Scheiwiller, Giovanni, Messages d'esthetique, 1927, pl. VII
  • Pfannstiel, Arthur, Modigliani, l'art et la vie, 1929, pp. 50, 123
  • Zervos, C., Paintings by Amedeo Modigliani: 1884-1920, 1929, no. 31
  • Scheiwiller, Giovanni, Amedeo Modigliani, 1950, pl. VII
  • Interiors, 1951, p.82, ill.
  • Soby, James Thrall, Modigliani: Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, 1951, p. 52
  • Pfannstiel, Aarthur, Modigliani et son Oeuvre, 1956, no. 325
  • Gerson, Otto M., Collectors: their faces, their favorites, 1958, ill.
  • Modigliani, Jeanne, Modigliani: Man and Myth, 1958, fig. 56
  • Ceroni, Ambrogio, Amedeo Modigliani, peintre, 1958, no. 155
  • Ceroni, Ambrogio, Amedeo Modigliani, painter, 1959, no. 155
  • Hamilton, George Heard, Painting and Sculpture in Europe, 1880-1940, 1967, fig. 162 B p. 287
  • Lipchitz, Jacques, Modigliani, 1969, p. 5
  • Gindertael, R. V., Modigliani e Montparnasse, 1969, pl. XXVIII p. 20
  • Woman's Own, 1970, fig. 5
  • Ceroni, Ambrogio; and Leone Piccioni, I dipinti di Modigliani, 1970, no. 219
  • Ceroni, Ambrogio; and Françoise Cachin, Tout l'oeuvre peint de Modigliani, 1972, no. 219
  • This World, 1976,
  • Masterpieces from the Norton Simon Museum, 1989, p. 199
  • Patani, Osvaldo, Amedeo Modigliani: Catalogo generale dipinti, 1991, no. 228
  • Parisot, Christian, Modigliani, Catalogue Raisonné, 1991, no. 2
  • The Museums of the World, 2001, p. 27
  • Harper's Bazaar, 2002, p. 208
  • Hayashi, Takayuki, 101 Selections from the New History of World Art, 2003, fig. 091
  • Sotheby's, Sotheby's Impressionist and Modern Art, Evening Sale, 21 June 2004, 2004, fig. 2 p. 29
  • Campbell, Sara, Collector Without Walls: Norton Simon and His Hunt for the Best, 2010, cat. 294 p.281
  • Renato Miracco, Italian Treasures in the U.S. An Itinerary of Art, 2014, p. #43
Audio Tour
English | Español
Audio Tour Transcript
English | Español
English | Español
Transcripción de Audioguía
English | Español

Image reproduction permission may be granted for scholarly or arts related commercial use. All image requests, regardless of their intended purpose, should be submitted via the reproduction request form.

Images may be protected by copyright and other intellectual property rights. Additional permission may be required.

Approved requests for the reproduction of an image will receive a contract detailing all fees and conditions of use of the image. Upon receipt of both the signed contract and full payment, the Office of Rights and Reproductions will provide the image. A complimentary copy of the published material must be provided to the Norton Simon Museum.

Reproduction Request Form