The Liberation of St. Peter

Hendrick van Steenwijck the Younger (Dutch, 1580-c.1648)
Oil on panel 
20-1/2 x 25-3/4 in. (52.1 x 65.4 cm) 
Credit Line:
Norton Simon Art Foundation, Gift of Mr. Norton Simon 
Accession Number:
© Norton Simon Art Foundation 
On View

Hendrick van Steenwijck was known by his contemporaries as a painter of architectural motifs. Gothic church interiors, palace terraces and prison interiors formed the subjects of much of his work. The dimly lit, vaulted prison interior with deep perspectival space and sleeping guards is completely characteristic of paintings by Steenwijck, who used geometry and mathematical formulas in his compositions. St. Peter’s liberation by the angel after being imprisoned by King Herod is just one of several focal points in the composition. Steenwijck painted more than 25 versions of this subject, each of them slightly different from the others.


Private English Collection.
[Brian Koester Gallery, London].
M. J. Green (sale, Sotheby's, London, 10 July 1974, no. 112, to);
Norton Simon, Los Angeles, gift, 1979 to;
Norton Simon Art Foundation.

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