Portrait of Lambert de Vermont
c. 1697
Nicolas de Largillière (French, 1656-1746)
Not on View

Along with Hyacinthe Rigaud, Nicolas de Largillière was a leading portraitist in 18th-century France. He was born in Paris but educated in Antwerp, where he was introduced to the work of Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony van Dyck. After his return to France, Largillière became the preferred painter of the French upper classes. The sitter of this stately portrait, Nicolas Lambert de Vermont, was an advisor to King Louis XIV and a Provost of the Merchants of Paris. Clients like Lambert relied on Largillière’s impressive portraits to demonstrate and aggrandize their social standing. Grandiose displays of wealth, such as this sitter’s luscious velvet, delicate lace and voluminous wig, were common. The type of “full-bottom” wig seen here was a popular symbol of elevated status and extravagant luxury in Louis XIV’s court. Its construction could require as much as 10 heads’ worth of human hair.


  • Artist Name: Nicolas de Largillière (French, 1656-1746)
  • Title: Portrait of Lambert de Vermont
  • Date: c. 1697
  • Medium: Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions: 57-1/2 x 44-3/4 in. (146.1 x 113.7 cm)
  • Credit Line: Norton Simon Art Foundation
  • Accession Number: M.1982.6.1.P
  • Copyright: © Norton Simon Art Foundation

Object Information

Baron Alphonse de Rothschild, Château de Ferrières, by descent in the Rothschild family;
[P. & D. Colnaghi & Co., London, sold 1982 to];
Norton Simon Art Foundation.


  • Paris, Salon, 1699 to 1699

Reinstallation of Galleries: Art History of the 17th and 18th Century Gains Fresh Dimension

  • Norton Simon Museum, 1993-09-02 to 1995-08-13
  • Rosenfeld, M., Largillière and the Eighteenth-Century Portrait, 1982, pp. 102-103
  • Masterpieces from the Norton Simon Museum, 1989, p. 86
  • Meyer, Arline, Art Bulletin, 2000, fig. 18 pp. 55-57
  • Meunier, Etienne, Société Archéologique de Sens, 2008, fig. 9 p. 164
  • Campbell, Sara, Collector Without Walls: Norton Simon and His Hunt for the Best, 2010, cat. 1696 p. 436
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Additional Artwork by Artist

Portrait of the Marquis d'Havrincourt Nicolas de Largillière c. 1713
Possibly a Portrait of Pierre LePautre, Sculptor Nicolas de Largillière 1689

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