Brittany Landscape

Émile Bernard (French, 1868-1941)
c. 1888-1889
Oil on canvas 
28-7/8 x 39-1/2 in. (73.3 x 100.3 cm) 
Credit Line:
Norton Simon Art Foundation, Gift of Jennifer Jones Simon 
Accession Number:
On View

This view of the Breton countryside exemplifies Bernard’s cloisonniste style, with discrete patches of brilliant color enclosed by dark, geometric contours. Expelled for insubordination from the studio of his academic master, Bernard invented this new style while still a teenager. In August 1888, he traveled to Brittany and there spent two months painting beside Gauguin, whom he later accused of stealing credit for Cloisonism. Gauguin is present in the glowing, saturated colors of this picture, but the influence of another artist is also felt: Bernard’s short, vertical brushstrokes betray his careful study of Cézanne, on whose work the young painter would later publish an important theoretical treatise. Less easily explained are the free, horizontal strokes in the sky and the lower right-hand corner. These may be later additions made by the picture’s first owner, the Irish painter Roderic O’Conor.


Roderic O’Conor (1860-1940);
Presumably by inheritance to René Honta (d. 1955).
Presumably in (sale, Paris, Hôtel Drouot 7 February 1956).
[Roland, Browse & Delbanco, London, sold 2 share 6 November 1956 to];
[Hirschl & Adler Galleries Inc., New York, consigned 7 November 1956 to];
[Garbisch(?), returned 14 November 1956 to];
[Hirschl & Adler Galleries Inc., New York, consigned 26 November 1956 to];
[Lawrence Shar Fine Arts, New York, returned 29 January 1957 to];
[Hirschl & Adler Galleries Inc., New York, sold 2 July 1957 to];
Walter P. Chrysler, Jr., New York.
[Knoedler Galleries, New York, sold 2 share 31 May 1974 to];
[Hirschl & Adler Galleries Inc., New York, stock no.1906, sold 14 January 1975 to];
Norton Simon, by bequest to;
Jennifer Jones Simon Art Trust;
Norton Simon Art Foundation.

Image reproduction permission may be granted for scholarly or arts related commercial use. All image requests, regardless of their intended purpose, should be submitted via email. Requests can also be made by fax or mail.

Images may be protected by copyright and other intellectual property rights. Additional permission may be required.

Approved requests for the reproduction of an image will receive a contract detailing all fees and conditions of use of the image. Upon receipt of both the signed contract and full payment, the Office of Rights and Reproductions will provide the image. A complimentary copy of the published material must be provided to the Norton Simon Museum.

Please fill out our Online Reproduction Request Form.

E-mail: [email protected]
Telephone: (626) 449-6840 x 3300
Fax: (626) 796-4978

Additional Artwork by Artist