The food and kitchen utensils in this painting appears casually arranged. These displays are, however, based on carefully calculated visual relationships. In Still Life with Fowl, the curving forms of the mortar and pestle echo that of the green jug. The scene betokens an intimate domesticity, a place of blessing related to the fundaments of human life.
Chardin’s contemporaries recognized that his method of applying paint and color was unique and unprecedented. Denis Diderot, an Enlightenment philosopher and art writer, said of Chardin in a 1765 Salon review, “it is the air and light you take with the tip of your brush and fix to your canvas…
[your work] exists between nature and art.” Chardin’s skill at imparting the haptic, or tactile, qualities of motionless objects through the steady emphasis of his brush, rather than a faithful reproduction of the details, promotes a sense of quiet harmony.
- Artist Name: Jean-Baptiste Siméon Chardin (French, 1699-1779)
- Title: Still Life with Fowl
- Date: c. 1728-30
- Medium: Oil on canvas (one of a pair)
- Dimensions: 15-3/4 x 12-3/8 in. (40.0 x 31.4 cm)
- Credit Line: The Norton Simon Foundation
- Accession Number: F.1969.38.03.2.P
- Copyright: © The Norton Simon Foundation
Private Collection, London (Leon Michel-Levy?)
[Georges Wildenstein collection, Schloss Moyre bei Colombiers by 1921];
Recovered by Allied Forces, where they were recorded as nos. 7392 and 7393 at the Munich Central Collecting Point, returned to;
[Wildenstein Galleries, New York, sold 8 June 1957 to];
Robert Ellis Simon, Los Angeles, gift to;
The Norton Simon Foundation.
Paintings by J.-B. S. Chardin
- New York, Wildenstein Galleries, 1926-11 to
Wildenstein, George, Chardin, nos. 933, 943, pl. XCII, figs. 127, 128
Campbell, Sara, Collector Without Walls: Norton Simon and His Hunt for the Best, cat. 61B p. 251
Wildenstein, Daniel, Chardin, nos. 62, 63, figs. 29, 30
Furst, H., Apollo, fig. VI p. 32
Rosenberg, Pierre, Chardin: 1699-1779, pp. 160-163
Furst, H., The Connoisseur, p. 16
Russell, S., Art in the World, repr. , no. 279 p. 218
Martin, K., Allen Memorial Art Museum Bulletin, figs., 1, 2 pp. 20-22
Morse, John D., Old Master Paintings in North America, p. 47
Conisbee, Philip, Chardin, pp. 90-91
Martin, K., Fetschrift Kurt Bauch, no. 9 pp. 240-243
Goncourt, E.; and J. Goncourt, L'art du XVIIIe siècle, p. 187
Goldstein, N., Design and Composition, p. 209
Elsen, A., Purposes of Art,
Guiffrey, J., J.B.S. Chardin, nos. 10, 11
Masterpieces from the Norton Simon Museum, p. 92
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