c. 1865 -1866
Gustave Courbet (French, 1819-1877)
On View

Gustave Courbet traveled to Trouville, on the Normandy coast, in the fall of 1865. There he painted twenty-five pictures of the autumn sea and sky, “each,” he wrote to his father, “more free and extraordinary than the last.” The artist was not one for false modesty or for falseness of any kind. Frank pictures, frankly painted, his landscapes refuse to deceive us about their own making. At once luminous and opaque, canvases like this one are so thick with pigment that some critics accused Courbet of laying on his paint with a trowel.


  • Artist Name: Gustave Courbet (French, 1819-1877)
  • Title: Marine
  • Date: c. 1865 -1866
  • Medium: Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions: 19-3/4 x 24 in. (50.2 x 61cm)
  • Credit Line: The Norton Simon Foundation
  • Accession Number: F.1970.12.P
  • Copyright: © The Norton Simon Foundation

Object Information

Jean-Baptiste Faure (1830-1914), Paris.
[Durand-Ruel, Paris].
F. Lindet; by 1902, (Lindet sale, Paris, Hôtel Drouot, 6 May 1953, lot 8, ill.)
[Galerie Jacques Dubourg, Paris; sold December 1953 to];
[Roland, Browse & Delbanco, London; sold 29 March 1954 to];
R. C. Pritchard (sale, Geneva, Christie’s, 6 November 1969, lot 170, ill.).
[E.V. Thaw and Co., New York; sold 1970 to];
The Norton Simon Foundation.

Exposition des oeuvres de M. G. Courbet

  • Paris, Rond-point du Pont de l'Alma, 1867 to
  • Masterpieces from the Norton Simon Museum,1989, p. 119
  • Eisenman, Stephen, Monet: Atti dei convegno (Symposium essays: 'Monet. I luoghi della pittura'), p. 140
  • Eyerman, Charlotte; Dominique de Font-Réaulx and Mary Morton, Courbet and the Modern Landscape,2006, plate 36 p. 112
  • Morse, John D., Old Master Paintings in North America,1979, p. 69
  • Brettell, Richard R. and Stephen F. Eisenman, Nineteenth-Century Art in the Norton Simon Museum, volume 1,2006,
  • Fernier, Robert, La vie et l'oeuvre de Gustave Courbet: Catalogue raisonné, Peintures 1819-1865,no. 499
  • Campbell, Sara, Collector Without Walls: Norton Simon and His Hunt for the Best,2010, cat. 737 p. 333
  • Margulis, L., Early Life, cover
  • Christie's New York, European Art Part I, October 2019,2019, fig. 1 p. [55?]
  • Levine, Steven Z., Monet, Narcissus, and Self-Reflection: The Modernist Myth of the Self,fig. 11 p. 8
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Additional Artwork by Artist

Apples, Pears, and Primroses on a Table Gustave Courbet 1871-1872
Cliff at Étretat, the Porte d' Aval Gustave Courbet 1869
Henri Rochefort Gustave Courbet 1874

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