Uncle Dominique
Paul Cézanne (French, 1839-1906)
On View

Staying with his family outside Aix-en-Provence, Cézanne painted nine portraits of his maternal uncle Antoine Dominique Sauveur Aubert in late 1866. He worked quickly, using both a brush and a palette knife and applying paint almost as though it were cement. The resulting works are not only images but also emphatically material objects. As we look at them, we cannot help but consider the process of their making. In the 1870s, Cézanne abandoned this bracing, savage manner in favor of the analytic approach for which he is best remembered today.


  • Artist Name: Paul Cézanne (French, 1839-1906)
  • Title: Uncle Dominique
  • Date: 1866
  • Medium: Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions: 18-1/8 x 15 in. (46.1 x 38.2 cm)
  • Credit Line: Norton Simon Art Foundation
  • Accession Number: M.1968.31.P
  • Copyright: © Norton Simon Art Foundation

Object Information

[Ambroise Vollard, Paris].
Auguste Pellerin (d. 1929) [by 1923], Paris, by inheritance to;
Jean-Victor Pellerin, Paris (sale, Galerie Charpentier Paris, 8 June 1956 to);
[Davey (Knoedlers, stock no. 6380)].
Frances Vogel (Mrs. A. L.) Spitzer, New York, by 1959 - still in 1967.
[Jane Wade, Ltd., New York, sold 17 September 1968 to];
Norton Simon Art Foundation.

Homage to Paul Cézanne (1839-1906)

  • Wildenstein & Co. (London, England), 1939-07 to


  • Paris, Orangerie, 1936-05 to 1936-10

Loan Exhibition: Cézanne, Under the Patronage of Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower and His Excellency, Monsieur Hervé Alphand, The Ambassador of France to the United States, for the benefit of The National Organization of Mentally Ill Children

  • Wildenstein & Co. (New York, N.Y.), 1959-11-05 to 1959-12-05

The Frances Vogel Spitzer Collection

  • Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1967 to

Recent Acquisitions by the Norton Simon Inc., Museum of Art

  • Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1969-01-24 to 1970-01-18

[on loan]

  • Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1969-08-28 to

[on loan]

  • Princeton University Art Museum, 1980-12-11 to 1981-07-14

[on loan]

  • Toledo, The Toledo Museum of Art, 1971-11-16 to 1973-03-06

Three Centuries of French Art: Selections from The Norton Simon, Inc. Museum of Art and the Norton Simon Foundation_2

  • California Palace of the Legion of Honor, 1974-10-19 to 1976-06-15

Selections from the Norton Simon, Inc. Museum of Art

  • Princeton University Art Museum, 1972-12-03 to 1974-07-17

Gaze: Portraiture After Ingres

  • Norton Simon Museum, 2009-10-30 to 2010-04-05

Reinstallation of South Wing

  • Norton Simon Museum, 1993-10-07 to 1995-08-13
  • Dorival, Bernard, Cézanne, pl. 7 pp. 25, 128, 137
  • George, Waldemar, Apollo, pl. 90 p. 80
  • Raynal, Maurice, Cézanne, pl. LVIII p. 146
  • Rewald, John, The Paintings of Paul Cézanne: A Catalogue Raisonné, no. 102 p. 34
  • Novotny, Fritz, Paul Cézanne, pl. 2
  • Shapiro, Meyer, Paul Cézanne, p. 56
  • Schildt, G., Cézanne, fig. 21
  • Burleigh-Motley, M., University: A Princeton Quarterly,
  • Orienti, Sandra; and Gaëton Picon, Tout l'oeuvre Peint de Cézanne, no. 60 p. 61
  • Steadman, David W., Art Journal, p. 38
  • Rivière, Georges, Le Maître Paul Cézanne, 1923, pp. 155, 196
  • Venturi, Lionello, Cézanne, son art-son oeuvre, 1936, vol. I, no. 79, pl. 21
  • Rivière, Georges, Cézanne, le peinture solitaire, 1936, p. 13
  • Barnes, Albert; and Violette de Mazia, The Art of Cézanne, 1939, pp. 11, no. 13, 74, no. 50, 311, no. 14, 402, no. 5 pp. 11, 74, 311, 402
  • Hess, Walter, Die Kunst und das schöne Heim, 1962, p. 335
  • Therond, R., Les Grands Peintres, 1987, p. 4
  • Gowing, Lawrence, Cézanne, The Early Years 1859-1872, 1988, pp. 104, 109
  • Masterpieces from the Norton Simon Museum, 1989, p. 126
  • Brettell, Richard R. and Stephen F. Eisenman, Nineteenth-Century Art in the Norton Simon Museum, volume 1, 2006,
  • Campbell, Sara, Collector Without Walls: Norton Simon and His Hunt for the Best, 2010, cat. 527 p. 308
  • John Elderfield, Cézanne Portraits, 2017, Fig. 24 pp. 54-56 ; p. [65] (ill.)
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Additional Artwork by Artist

Farmhouse and Chestnut Trees at Jas de Bouffan Paul Cézanne 1884-1885
Tulips in a Vase Paul Cézanne 1888-1890
Vase of Flowers Paul Cézanne 1880-1881

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