Bottle Dryer (Bottlerack)

Marcel Duchamp (French, 1887-1968)
1963 (replica of 1914 original)
Readymade bottle-dryer of galvanized iron 
overall: 29-1/4 x 16 x 16 in. (74.3 x 40.6 x 40.6 cm) 
Credit Line:
Norton Simon Museum, Gift of Mr. Irving Blum, in memory of the Artist 
Accession Number:
© Association Marcel Duchamp / ADAGP, Paris / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York 2017 Reproduction, including downloading of ARS works is prohibited by copyright laws and international conventions without the express written permission of Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York 
Not on View

In 1913, Duchamp asked himself, "Can one make a work of art that is not a work of art?" In the case of this readymade, a metal rack for drying wine bottles, the answer is yes. He claimed that an artist's act of choice is sufficient to transform any functional object into a functionless sculpture - hence the term "readymade," a found or manufactured object whose previous purpose is rendered void, owing to the object's new classification by the artist. It has been altered conceptually. For an art world that prized the evidence of the artist's hand and labor, the shock value of the readymade was high. Beyond this, the object has accrued additional associations, including a symbolic relation to the Eiffel Tower and erotic overtones associated with the rack's empty spikes.


Irving Blum, 1968 gift in memory of the artist, to;
Pasadena Art Museum, Pasadena, 1968-1975;
Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena.

Image reproduction permission may be granted for scholarly or arts related commercial use. All image requests, regardless of their intended purpose, should be submitted via email. Requests can also be made by fax or mail.

Images may be protected by copyright and other intellectual property rights. Additional permission may be required.

Approved requests for the reproduction of an image will receive a contract detailing all fees and conditions of use of the image. Upon receipt of both the signed contract and full payment, the Office of Rights and Reproductions will provide the image. A complimentary copy of the published material must be provided to the Norton Simon Museum.

Please fill out our Online Reproduction Request Form.

E-mail: [email protected]
Telephone: (626) 449-6840 x 3300
Fax: (626) 796-4978

Additional Artwork by Artist